Wednesday, November 28, 2018

Sunday, November 11, 2018

Kentucky WWI

This is a Service flag or Service banner, also called the Blue Star Flag or Mother's War Banner. It is machine-stitched, and it is made of wool bunting with a canvas header. The banner has a white field with a 12-inch wide red border. The white field is made of two vertical segments of fabric that are stitched together down the center. There is an appliquéd blue star at the top center of the field with blue appliquéd "103,000" below the star. In the center of the field, there is red appliquéd letters that read, "WWI / KENTUCKY." The bottom half of the field has a yellow or gold star appliquéd onto the field with a gold number "3,200" appliquéd below the star. The red border is made of four panels of fabric stitched to the field. The seams are stitched with white thread. This banner has a canvas header with a rope strung through the sleeve. The rope is stitched in place. The rope is looped on the right end and a 30-inch segment of rope hangs off the left side of the banner. On the back of the right side of the header, there is an inscription that reads, "KY. CHAPTER / AMERICAN WAR MOTHERS / 1927."

Size is 74" x 48.5"

The numbers on the banner apparently means 103,000 Kentuckians served in World War I and 3,200 died.  These figures might not be correct - see

The above is Courtesy of Kentucky Historical Society.

As for Ohio County, my search found the following:

D.W. = Died of Wounds
D.D. = Died of Disease
D.A. = Died of Accident
K.A. = Killed in Action
W.A. = Wounded in Action

Saturday, November 10, 2018

Daviess County History - Sudie J. Tichenor, wife of James H. Davis

Source Daviess County History:

Also, note that a sister of Mr. Davis, Elminah E. Davis, married Randolph Wimp of Ohio County.

Monday, November 5, 2018

Voting in Kentucky

A short YouTube video from the Kentucky Historical Society about the history of voting in Kentucky:

Sunday, November 4, 2018

1918 Flu Pandemic

My Leach grandfather, Harney Leslie Leach (1877-1918), and my great-grandfather, Samuel William Leach (1851-1918), both died in Ohio County in 1918 from the flu pandemic.  This year is the 100th anniversary of that terrible time.

Remembering the 1918 Influenza Pandemic

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the 1918 influenza (flu) pandemic that swept the globe in what is still one of the deadliest disease outbreaks in recorded history. 
It is estimated that about 500 million people or one-third of the world’s population became infected with this virus, and the number of deaths was estimated to be at least 50 million worldwide with about 675,000 occurring in the United States. The pandemic was so severe that from 1917 to 1918, life expectancy in the United States fell by about 12 years, to 36.6 years for men and 42.2 years for women. There were high death rates in previously healthy people, including those between the ages of 20 and 40 years old, which was unusual because flu typically hits the very young and the very old more than young adults.

The Emerging Pandemic

The 1918 flu pandemic occurred during World War I; close quarters and massive troop movements helped fuel the spread of disease.
In the United States, unusual flu activity was first detected in military camps and some cities during the spring of 1918. For the U.S. and other countries involved in the war, communications about the severity and spread of disease was kept quiet as officials were concerned about keeping up public morale, and not giving away information about illness among soldiers during wartime. These spring outbreaks are now considered a “first wave” of the pandemic; illness was limited and much milder than would be observed during the two waves that followed.

Deadly Second Wave and Third Waves

In September 1918, the second wave of pandemic flu emerged at Camp Devens, a U.S. Army training camp just outside of Boston, and at a naval facility in Boston. This wave was brutal and peaked in the U.S. from September through November. More than 100,000 Americans died during October alone. The third and final wave began in early 1919 and ran through spring, causing yet more illness and death. While serious, this wave was not as lethal as the second wave. The flu pandemic in the U.S. finally subsided in the summer of 1919, leaving decimated families and communities to pick up the pieces. Scientists now know this pandemic was caused by an H1N1 virus, which continued to circulate as a seasonal virus worldwide for the next 38 years.

Limited Care and Control Efforts in 1918

In 1918, scientists had not yet discovered viruses so there were no laboratory tests to diagnose, detect, or characterize flu viruses. Prevention and treatment methods for flu were limited. There were no vaccines to protect against flu virus infection, no antiviral drugs to treat flu illness, and no antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections like pneumonia. Efforts to prevent the spread of disease were limited to non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs), including promotion of good personal hygiene, and implementation of isolation, quarantine, and closures of public settings, such as schools and theaters. Some cities imposed ordinances requiring face masks in public. New York City even had an ordinance that fined or jailed people who did not cover their coughs.
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