Monday, June 20, 2016


While this post is not about Ohio County, it is so interesting that I decided to share it with you.  It is a subject you (probably) know about, as I did, but had forgotten. Anyway, I hope you enjoy this.

No more posts until the end of the month - I'll be on vacation.


The Kentucky Bend, variously called the New Madrid Bend, Madrid Bend or Bessie Bend, is an exclave of Fulton County, Kentucky, the most-western county of Kentucky. The county seat is called Hickman.

Kentucky Bend is a piece of land on the inside of an oxbow loop meander of the Mississippi River. Surrounded by the states of Tennessee and Missouri without touching any part of Kentucky, it is an exclave of Kentucky.

Kentucky Bend is the extreme southwestern corner of Kentucky. The peninsula includes the lowest point in the state of Kentucky, at the banks of the Mississippi River. The only highway into the area is Tennessee State Route 22, whose continuation into Kentucky Bend at one time was signed as Kentucky State Route 313.

As of the 2010 census, the population was 18 persons in this area, tabulated as the "Kentucky Bend County Census Division". The mailing address of the area is Tiptonville, Tennessee, which lies to its south, although the nearest population center (and post office) is in the closer city of New Madrid, Missouri, across the river, to its north.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Kentucky Bend covers a land area of 26.9 square miles (69.6 km2), of which 17.5 square miles (45.2 km2) is land and 9.4 square miles (24.4 km2), or 35.08%, is water. The water area is primarily within the Mississippi River. Surveyors marking the boundary between Kentucky and Tennessee had only estimated where their line would meet the Mississippi; later, more detailed surveys revealed the location of this line to pass through north-south bends in the river, creating a division of the peninsula. The western border of Kentucky is designated as the Mississippi River, as is the eastern border of Missouri—thus the creation of a "notch" for Kentucky, but not for Tennessee.

The border predates the separation of Kentucky from Virginia and Tennessee from North Carolina. Its location stems from the Royal Colonial Boundary of 1665, which was meant to delimit overlapping inland claims of the Colony of Virginia and the Province of Carolina, respectively.

In 1812, this area of the river was highly disrupted and was reported to even flow backwards because of the 1811–1812 New Madrid series of earthquakes, some of the largest ever felt in the United States.

The state of Tennessee contested the inclusion of the Kentucky Bend in the state of Kentucky, claiming it as part of Obion County until at least 1848, but Tennessee eventually dropped its claim.

This area of the Mississippi River, from just east at "Island Number Ten" around to the town of New Madrid, Missouri, was the site of a Civil War battle from February 28 to April 8, 1862, the Battle of Island Number Ten.

Due to its highly productive soil in the river's floodplain, Kentucky Bend was developed as a major cotton-producing area. The 1870 census found more than 300 residents. In The West Tennessee Farm edited by Marvin Downing (University of Tennessee at Martin Press, 1979), Norman L. Parks reports that in 1880 there was a population of 303, of whom 18 were African American. By 1900, there were "large numbers of Negroes in the Bend" working as laborers to plant and harvest the cotton.

In Mark Twain's book Life on the Mississippi, he described the six-decade-long feud between the Darnell and Watson families and other elements of life in the Bend.

Living 'round the bend 
With a bloody feud long over, folks are enjoying the quiet life in Kentucky.

By JIM SUHR of The Associated Press
Published Sunday, August 4, 2002

KENTUCKY BEND, Ky. — As the sun sets over her farmhouse and a mouse scampers across the porch near her slippered feet, Daisy Wilson welcomes the stranger who managed to find this desolate nub of land between the curves of the Mississippi River.

Visitors don’t often come around what locals call Kentucky Bend, aside from an occasional escaped prison inmate, a drunkard or a hopelessly lost motorist. Most simply stumble upon the tiny, teardrop-shaped crook on Tennessee 22, the only road in.

Her Kentucky drawl dripping with Southern charm, Wilson greets a visiting reporter like family, inviting him to sit and hear about life on these 15,000 acres in deep southwest Kentucky and the middle of nowhere, across the Mississippi from New Madrid.

The land is a notch, which fits like a puzzle piece into a curve of Missouri land carved out by the meandering Mississippi River. It’s surrounded on three sides by water, with the opposing shore all Missouri. The fourth side is Tennessee, leaving the bend cut off from the rest of the Bluegrass State.
But Wilson gets a bit riled when asked the question begged by the map: With the Bend conjoined to Tennessee and pinched off from the rest of Kentucky, do you feel Kentuckian? Tennessean? Confused?

“I’m a Kentuckian through and through, very much so. And this is home,”’ says Wilson, 70, clad in a striped robe.

Others call the geographic oddity Madrid Bend, New Madrid Bend or Bessie Bend. One magazine lovingly dubbed it “Bubbleland,” for its odd, river-wrapped shape.

Whatever the name, the Bend isn’t much besides a handful ofhouses, a graveyard, flat farmland, a few small fishing lakes and pockets of deer and wild turkeys that run and duck during hunting season.

The Bend used to have the nation’s largest cottonwood tree “down yonder,” Wilson points out, but a lightning strike years ago cut it to a stump. The few schoolchildren take a bus about 12 miles into Tiptonville, the Tennessee town that touts itself as Carl Perkins’ boyhood home. Voting machines are long gone, requiring a 40-mile drive to Hickman, Ky., to cast a ballot.

Residents needing emergency help, groceries or other supplies often get them from Tiptonville and Lake County, Tenn. The Bend’s mailing addresses are rural Tiptonville. Wilson doesn’t have a phone, and only four Bend dwellers have library cards for use when Marda Pate makes her monthly 55-mile bookmobile trek from Fulton, Ky.

The only store here closed in the early 1960's. A church? Forget it. A gas station? Nope.

“But you’ve got your privacy here, your quietness. There ain’t everybody stuffing their noses in your business,” Wilson says about the land where she and her husband have spent 49 years, raised 10 children and farmed soybeans, cotton, wheat and corn.

“I wouldn’t live in the city; there’s too much meanness, too much ungodliness.”

Just decades ago, she recalls, several hundred occupied the flood-prone land. Today’s head count requires just a tally on Wilson’s fingers.


Local historians say English settlers arrived here shortly after the Bend’s creation in the 1811-12 New Madrid earthquakes that shifted the Mississippi. Ferries shuttled residents to Missouri and back.
Helped by steamboats, the Bend’s population grew from just two in 1820 to more than 300 in 1870, with corn and wheat acreage giving way to cotton in nearly all the Bend’s fields by the 20th century. The Bend even had a small gin, a couple of sawmills — and six decades of 1800's bloodshed between the Darnells and Watsons, by some accounts over a horse or cow.

Mark Twain wrote about that, claiming that “in no part of the South has the vendetta flourished more briskly, or held out longer between warring families, than in this particular region.”

“Every year or so, somebody was shot, on one side or the other, and as fast as one generation was laid out, their sons took up the feud and kept it a-going,” Twain’s “Life on the Mississippi” quotes a man as saying. “And it’s just as I say; they went on shooting each other, year in and year out — making a kind of religion of it, you see — till they’d done forgot, long ago, what it was all about.

“The thing could have been fixed up, easy enough, but no, that wouldn’t go. Rough words had been passed, and so, nothing but blood could fix it up after that. That horse or cow, whichever it was, cost 60 years of killing and crippling!”

Finally, the man said, the last of the Darnells — an elderly father and his two sons — decided to leave the bloody Bend by steamboat. “But the Watsons got wind of it,” showed up as the Darnells were about to embark and opened fire, killing the brothers.

Old history, Wilson might say. Bend folk, she says, have lots ofother things to hang their hats on.
“This little ol’ Bend has decided several elections. You wouldn’t think it,” says Wilson, a “full-blooded Republican” who’s registered as a Democrat so she can vote more often. “They say if you can carry the Bend, you have a higher chance of winning the election.”

Ed Whitfield hasn’t quite found it that way. Into his fourth term as a Republican congressman for Kentucky’s First District spanning 33½ counties, he has never carried Fulton County. When told of Wilson’s talk about the Bend’s supposed Election Day clout, the politician who has been to that area maybe twice pledged with a smile: “After what you said, I’m going to spend more time there.”

“Kentucky Bend is as important as any other area,” he said. “But you have to make a special effort to get over there.”

So do inmates at the prison in Tiptonville, where Wilson’s son Virgil works as a guard.

“Every time they break out,” Wilson says, “they head right down to this Bend. They think they can make it, but the river’s always in the way.”

The river has claimed at least three of the men. Another escapee stole her son’s car.

That’s about as exciting as it gets in these parts, where the Wilson brood grew up playing in the sloughs, hunting, fishing and working the fields.

“I loved being able to do whatever I wanted, and no one said anything because there was nobody around,” says Virgil Wilson, at 40 still living just a mile from his parents in Lake County, Tenn., where he was among four men on Thursday’s ballot for sheriff.

Daisy Wilson yearns to see other parts of Kentucky where “they tell me they’ve got a lot of mines and caves.”

“But I guess I’ll never get no further than my back yard,” she says, arms crossed as she shakes her head. Nearby, a clothesline holds towels, clothes and a rug. A swing dangles from a tree, near a garden tiller covered by a metal washtub.

Her three dogs ramble nearby, one of them being smacked by grandchildren.

“Kids, quit whoopin’ that dog,” Wilson snaps before more straight talk about the Bend.

“I don’t have much complaining about the Kentucky Bend,” she says. “Farming, fishing and good people. That’s the Bend.”

Copyright 2002 Associated Press.

Saturday, June 18, 2016


Ohio County Marriages in Indiana

For reasons unknown to me, it was not uncommon for Ohio County residents to marry in Indiana.  Maybe these marriages were elopements, or maybe the bride’s family lived in Indiana – or perhaps it was cheaper or quicker. Of course there were no bridges across the Ohio River to Indiana until the 1860's or later, so the mode of travel was by ferry. The earliest ferry operation I have found connected Brandenburg, Meade County, KY to Mauckport, Harrison County, IN, which was in operation as early as 1808. Of course there were ferry operations in the Louisville area  (Falls Cities) from the late 1700's, connecting Jeffersonville, IN and Louisville; New Albany, IN and Portland, KY (NW of Louisville); and Clarksville, IN and Shippingport (Louisville). These boats were propelled by manual labor using poles, paddles and oars and service was "on demand."  By 1815 at least 10 ferries served Clark County, IN (which included much of Floyd County until 1819), but by 1820 attrition and consolidation had eliminated most of them.  Having said all that, I'm sure there were ferries across the Ohio in the early days that history has forgotten, so our adventuresome ancestors might have crossed the Ohio at Owensboro, Rockport, Cloverport, or some other location that was closer than Brandenburg or the Louisville area.

In any event, I have found that several of my ancestors married in the following Indiana counties: Floyd, Clinton, Clark and Warrick. This map shows (yellow highlights) the location of the Indiana counties where a few of my (Leach) Ohio County ancestors married.  The green highlighted county, Spencer, is where I found the marriage of Wesley Davis and Nancy Cox in 1827. Rockport is the county seat of Spencer County.

Here is an online database that you can use to search Indiana marriages by surname to help you find your ancestors. To shorten your search, only consider people born before 1835, because this site only shows marriages thru 1850:


The Index to Indiana Marriages Through 1850 began many years ago through a project initiated by Dorothy Riker, the late former Editor of The Hoosier Genealogist, which listed the name of the groom in county listings in this publication.  Later, brides names were added to the original card set of groom names in the Genealogy Division. Volunteers expanded the card set to include all dates through 1850 for counties where marriage records existed. This became a database which contains approximately 330,000 records totaling 90.5 MB of electronic data.  In addition to the marriage listings which index the county courthouse records, the database includes marriages which were noted from the early Quaker monthly meetings in Indiana. These Quaker marriages were listed in the Abstracts of the Records of the Society of Friends in Indiana compiled by Willard Heiss, (Call Number Geneal. 929.102 F911h v. 7).  In addition the database includes listings for the St. Francis Xavier parish church in Vincennes, Indiana which date from 1749.

Wednesday, June 15, 2016


FRANCIS M. HATLER, Ohio County, was born September 26, 1848, in Warren County, Ky., and in childhood removed with his parents to Ohio County, where he has since resided. At the age of fourteen he enlisted in Company H, Twelfth Kentucky Cavalry, and was mustered out at the end of six months on account of his minority. In 1863, he re-enlisted in the Thirty-fifth Mounted Infantry and served one year. His father, Berry Hatler, was drowned in Green River in 1852. Berry's wife, Desdemona, daughter of John Minard, died in 1875, near Richland, Spencer Co., Ind. Their children are Lethia E. (Davis) and Francis M.  December 5, 1869, Francis M. married Susan C., daughter of James B. and Mary E. (Hampton) London, of Ohio County; she was born January 3, 1851, and to them have been born James M., William W., Jessie E., Mary E., Annie and Nannie (twins and very much alike), Joseph, Lulie A., and Henry C. By industry and frugality, Mr. Hatler has acquired a competency, owning 185 acres of well-improved land, in good state of cultivation. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and is also identified with the Democratic party.

Source: J. H. BATTLE, W H. PERRIN, & G. C. KNIFFIN 1895

Note:  Francis Marion Hatler died after 1910 but the exact date is unknown.  I was unable to find where he was buried.

Saturday, June 11, 2016


ELI MILTON HART, Ohio County, was born December 10, 1824, in Boyle County, Ky., and at the age of twelve years, removed with his brother to Indiana, where he remained until 1845, when he settled in Hardin County, Ky., and located in Ohio County in 1872, where he now resides. His father, Charles Hart, a native of Mercer County, Ky., died in 1833, at the age of sixty years. He was the son of Charles Hart, Sr., one of the pioneers of Kentucky, a Revolutionary soldier, from North Carolina, who died in Mercer County, Ky., in 1837, at an advanced age. Subject's father married Sarah, daughter of John Meek, of Henry County, Ky.; she died in 1882, at the age of eighty years, and to their union were born Golden M., Esther L. (Lawson), Mary L. (Pierce), Henry H., Martha L. (Pierce), Margaret (Atherton), Eli Milton, and Louisa G. (May). September 10, 1855, Eli M. Hart was united in marriage to Mary J., daughter of Meredith and Sarah B. (Wilkison) Arthur, of Hardin County, Ky. She was born July 16, 1835, and to them have been born Charles M. (deceased), William L. (deceased), Katie M., John B., Louisa G., Willie, Julia A., Meredith A., Eli O., and Mary B. Mr. Hart is a farmer and is successfully engaged in growing corn, hay and live-stock. In religion he is a Methodist and in politics a Democrat.

Source: J. H. BATTLE, W H. PERRIN, & G. C. KNIFFIN 1895

Note:  Eli M. Hart died 14 December 1909 at age 85 in Perry, Vanderburgh County, Indiana. He is buried in the Mount Hermon Methodist Church Cemetery at No Creek, Ohio County.

Wednesday, June 8, 2016


ILER Marriages in Ohio County Kentucky, 1798-1900

Polly ILER to William LEACH, November 14, 1811, A7
Sally ILER to Samuel LEWELLEN, February 20, 1812, A10
Jacob ILER to Elizabeth LEACH, September 30, 1813, A13
Jacob ILER to Polly MILLER, January 29, 1818, A32
John ILER to Sarah LEACH, September 24, 1818, A32
Nancy ILER to John CANNON, January 5, 1826, A61
Elizabeth ILER to Benjamin PIERCE, March 13, 1826, A62
Patsy ILER to James IZEL, October 29, 1827, A159
Perry ILER to Elizabeth COOKSEY, February 12, 1831, A84
Jane ILER to Solomon PEARCE, October 19, 1832, A88
Mary Ann ILER to Nathan KEOWN, September 25, 1836, A97
Eliza Ann ILER to Thomas TAUGHT, December 2, 1840
William ILER to Patsey WILSON, April 6, 1843, B14
Elizabeth ILER to John RALEY, September 27, 1843, B13
Nancy Maria ILER to Franklin FOUGHT, March 13, 1845, B16
Althea ILER to John H. ARNOLD, August 14, 1845, B17
Henry ILER to Mary STEWART, March 24, 1846, B19
Sally ILER to Jeremiah M. TILFORD, December 10, 1851, F119
Czarina C. ILER to John E. FERGUSON, October 7, 1856, D59
H. L. ILER to Mahala FERGUSON, March 23, 1857, D147
Emma ILER to Leonard T. COX, December 21, 1856, I-335
Thomas W. ILER to Mary Jane AUTRY, August 30, 1867, J389
Zachariah T. ILER to Sallie M. PARKS, October 13, 1868, O-246
Mariah J. ILER to Jasper N. SANDEFUR, August 21, 1869, Q18
Sallie M. ILER to Francis M. MAPLES, November 28, 1870, Q404
John T. ILER to Sarah E. SHOWN, December 31, 1870, R2
Thomas W. ILER to Mrs., Nancy STOGNER, October 18, 1873, S392
John T. ILER to Elizabeth V. BENTON, October 3, 1876, V58
Francis M. ILER to Mary Ellen STEWART, September 2, 1878, W264
Nancy E. ILER to Benjamin S. CHAMBERLAIN, November 19, 1878, W352
Margaret E. ILER to John W. SORRELS, November 19, 1878, W354
F. M. ILER to Victoria LILES, January 7, 1884, 1-157
Amanda J. ILER to W. T. JOHNSON, June 26, 1884, 1-307
T. M. ILER to Mrs. Martha E. ROWE, October 6, 1885, 3-234
James B. ILER to Luella BENNETT, March 10, 1886, 3-458
Nettie ILER to Nehemiah MINTON, January 9, 1888, 4-412
Fannie ILER to J. W. THOMAS, January 29, 1889, 5-134
Mary Q. V. ILER to William W. FERRY, February 14, 1891, 6-312
F. H. ILER to Miss F. A. CROWDER, March 28, 1892, 7-228
Mollie ILER to H. C. SIMMONS, July 18, 1893, 8-138
William P. ILER to Nellie C. YOUNG, April 30, 1895, 9-238
Joseph R. ILER to Eldo LEACH, August 28, 1897, 10-552
Nellie M. ILER to Thomas J. MULLEN, October 25, 1899, 12-316

R. E. ILER to Georgia REID, January 15, 1900, 12-442

Saturday, June 4, 2016

Swain Family

Swain Family:  The first Swain to come to Ohio County was Henry "Harry" Swain, who was born 25 Sept 1780 in NC.  Henry died 7 Jan 1856 in Ohio Co. I am told that Henry was buried in the Swain Family Cemetery [possibly called the Hudnall Cemetery], which is located above Green River at the mouth of the Thoroughfare on Highway 169 below Prentiss and Schultztown. I am not certain of the location of the 116 acre Swain farm and family cemetery, but I think the following maps are close:

Henry married Mary Howell 25 Jan 1808 in Logan County, KY. She died in Ohio Co. 13 Sept 1843.  Henry and Mary had the following children:

   1. Peyton T. Swain, born about 1810 and he died after 1863.

   2. James H. Swain, born about 1812; moved to Missouri; and died 1 June 1847 in Mexico during the Mexican War. James married Nancy Terrence in Ohio Co. in 1833 and married Mildred P. Cason in MO in 1840.

   3. Nancy Swain, born about 1814 and died 20 Dec 1853 in Ohio County.

   4. Mary D. Swain, born about 1819 and died about 1882 in Ohio Co. Mary married John W. Haws in 1844 in Butler Co.; and married Nicholas Taylor in 1854 in Butler Co.

   5. Martha Swain, born 3 May 1822 and died 21 Jul 1899. Martha married Phillip Davenport in 1844 in Butler Co.

   6. Elizabeth Swain, born about 1825 and died 26 Oct 1911 and is buried in Butler Co. Elizabeth married Woodson Legrand in 1857 in Ohio Co. 

   7. Henry Allen Swain, born 26 March 1827 and died 31 March 1878 in Ohio Co. Henry married Eliza Jane Garner Morton "Maud" 20 Feb 1851 in Ohio Co. and they had ten children (see below).

  8. Rhoden Burgoyne Swain, born 1 Jan 1832 and died 2 Apr 1908 in Ohio Co.  Rhoden married Nancy Jane Smith about 1850 and that marriage ended in divorce. Rhoden next married Elizabeth Mary Davenport in 1867 in Ohio Co.

   9. Homer C. Swain, born about 1837 and died before 1 Sept 1856. Homer married Mary A. Howerton in Ohio Co. 28 Nov 1877.

Next generation. The children of Henry Allen Swain:

   1. Mary Frances Swain, born 30 Dec 1851, and died 8 Feb 1947 in Butler Co. Mary married James R. Read 28 Oct 1869 in Ohio Co.

   2. Peridope Swain, born 5 Aug 1853.

   3. Percipial Aurthine Swain "Sip", born 5 Aug 1853 and died 7 March 1951 in Beaver Dam. Percipial married Wihelmina Elminia Angle 17 Nov 1875 and they had five children.  "Sip" Swain (198) died at age 97. His obituary stated that he was a sterling citizen of quaint individuality and would be remembered for his dapper manner, long locks of hair, and friendly jollity. He was an accomplished fiddler and maker of fiddles, a horse racing devotee and hiking enthusiast. He was a farmer, merchant, blacksmith, and postmaster, living most of his life in the Prentiss community. He was buried in Slaty Creek Cemetery, Ohio County, Kentucky.

   4. Peyton Timoleon Swain, born 21 Jul 1855, and died 2 June 1935 in Butler Co. Peyton married Laura E. Turns 3 Oct 1878 in Ohio Co.

   5. Finis Leona Swain, born 7 June 1857, and died 21 Apr 1937 in Ohio Co. Finis married Samuel William Leach 10 Jan 1874 in Ohio Co. and they had four children: Henry Oscar, Harney Leslie, Clyde Fielding, and Chester Finis Leach. Her obituary states: 

Venerated Woman Dies at Beaver Dam.  Mrs. Finis Leona Leach, 79 years of age, died at her home in Beaver Dam at 4:15 p.m., Wednesday, April 21, after having been ill for a number of years and bedfast for the last two years.  Her death was attributed to a complication of diseases.  Mrs. Leach was a native of Ohio County, born near Cromwell, a daughter of the late Allen and Lyda Morton Swain.  She was the widow of Samuel William Leach, who preceded her in death a number of years ago.  She was an admirable woman and a member of the Baptist church.  Surviving relatives are three sons, Oscar, of Cincinnati, Clyde, of Lexington, Chester, of Owensboro, eight grandchildren; a sister, Mrs. Frank Cooper, and two brothers, Sip and Harper Swain, Ohio County.  Funeral services were conducted at the home at 1:00 p.m. last Thursday, and also a short service at the Leach cemetery, near Rob Roy, where commitment was made.  Services were in charge of the Rev. J. L. Sullivan, pastor of Beaver Dam Baptist church.  Ohio County News, April 30, 1937.

Finis was my great-grandmother. Here is her photo:

   6. Laura Lelah Swain, born 1860. Laura married John S. Buckley.

   7. Jefferson Davis Swain, born Feb 1863, and died 12 June 1905 in McLean Co.  Jefferson married Elizabeth H.

   8. Ellis Harper Swain, born 12 march 1865, and died 12 march 1962 in Ohio County.

   9. John Wilkes Booth Swain, born 19 Nov 1868, and died after 1910. John married Iona Alice Carter 20 Feb 1895 in Ohio Co.

   10. Elida Quantrilla Swain, born 2 Jan 1871, and she died 7 May 1968 in Ohio Co., having married Frank Cooper 19 Oct 1892 in Ohio Co.

   The following is a family history narrative sent to me by Marguerite Leach (1908-2007); Marguerite was my cousin:

My father was Clyde Leach and my mother was Sylvia May McCoy.  Father was born 29 Sep 1879 and died 9 Aug 1962.  Mother was born 1 May 1887 and died 2 Oct 1980. My grandfather was Samuel William Leach and my grandmother was Finis Swain. Grandfather and grandmother had 4 sons, Oscar, Harney Leslie, Clyde and Chester.

Grandmother Leach had a brother we called Uncle Sip who raised trotting horses.  I remember watching them race at the Ohio County Fair.  The horses pulled a sulky while racing. 

When I was a child we lived near the Swain farm.  My mother called Uncle Sip's wife " Aunt Willie", and I remember mother telling me to run over to Aunt Willie's home and borrow a cup of flour.  To get there I had to go through the field where Uncle Sip had his horses and they were very big and I was afraid of them.  My father, Clyde Leach, would keep the (racing) time for Uncle Sip with Uncle Sip's stop watch.  After Uncle Sip died my father ended up with the stop watch, possibly by inheritance, and I got it when father died.  I gave it to Otis Leach, who lived in Owensboro, and his son, Billy Leach has it now. 

I remember that Uncle Sip and Grandmother Leach (Finis) had a sister that we called Aunt Lydia, and that she married a Cooper and had two children, Juanita and Corbit. Corbit was a Mason and was very good to Uncle Leslie's widow, Ella, after Uncle Leslie died (Uncle Leslie was also a Mason).  I remember that Aunt Lydia lived west of Beaver Dam, near Centertown. 

Uncle Sip had a daughter named Effie T. Swain that married Richard (Dick) TaylorThey had two children, Ruby and Wilma, who were friends of mine.  I remember that Effie had a family bible that had all of the Swain family information. 

I remember spending the night with Grandmother Leach (Finis) when I was quite young.  She cooked in the fireplace.  I slept upstairs in a little room.  She had a shawl that hung on a nail that she called a facinator. When Uncle Oscar's wife died I was small and they held the wake at Grandmother Leach's house.  

Thursday, June 2, 2016


CLARENCE HARDWICK, circuit clerk, was born in Hartford, Ky., January 3, 1851, the eldest of eleven children born to William and Sarah F. (Nail) Hardwick. The father was a merchant for thirty years in Hartford, and was well reputed for his sterling business qualities and strict integrity. His death occurred February 26, 1883. The mother was a refined, exemplary lady of high Christian character, and was for many years a member of the Baptist Church. Our subject early in life became self-supporting, accepting the position of deputy circuit clerk under A. L. Morton. Here his attention to the duties of the office, efficient work, genial bearing, and care in the accommodation of the public, made his services indispensable, and won him great popularity throughout the county. He retained this position ten years, and in 1880 he was elected to the office for which his familiarity with the public records expressly adapts him, and gives to him, in general estimation, the honor of being one of the best officials ever in the county's employ. His wife was Miss Sallie McDaniel, the talented and accomplished daughter of the Rev. James S. and Mary J. McDaniel. They were married January 18, 1882, and are blessed with two children: James F. and Mary M.

Source: J. H. BATTLE, W H. PERRIN, & G. C. KNIFFIN 1895

Note:  Mr. Hardwick died 9 April 1892 in Hartford and is buried in the Oakwood Cemetery, Hartford.