Saturday, June 19, 2021

Everett Ray Likens

     Everett Ray Likens was born in Hartford 23 June 1896, the son of Winfield Scott Likens and Martha Corilla Day.  He graduated from high school in Hartford in 1914 and attended the University of Kentucky.  He joined the Army about 1917 and was stationed in France during WWI.  After he was discharged in 1920 he moved to Washington, D. C.

    In February 1923 Everett married Elizabeth Clarissa Gibson (1901-1992) in Washington.  They had two children.  In 1930 Everett and Elizabeth lived in Richmond, Virginia; in 1934 they were living in Washington, DC; in 1940 they lived in Prince George's County, Maryland.  Everett worked for the Department of Highways. Everett died 12 December 1960.




Wednesday, June 16, 2021

Marriage Licenses Dec 1919

 THE HARTFORD REPUBLICAN

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1919

 

LICENSED TO WED SINCE LAST REPORT

 

Everet Porter, McHenry R. 1, to Gussie Brown, McHenry R. 1.

John H. Stewart, Select to Ida Luck, Beech Grove.

J. W. White, Whitesville R. 2, to Lois Baker, Beaver Dam, R. 2.

Willie Allen, Horse Branch, to Artie Hazlelip, Rosine.

Ira Bartlett, Reynolds Station, to Agnes Evans, Fordsville.

Marion W. Bell, Centertown R. 1, to Nola G. Tichenor, Centertown R. 1.

V. B. Whittaker, Beaver Dam, to Geneva Leach, Beaver Dam.

Charlie Burton, Hartford, to Eva Mai Decher, Echols.

James Chester Tomes, Hartford to Lillian Stone, Hartford.

Bert Goodwine, Horse Branch, to Rena Martin, Horse Branch.

E. C. Craig, White Run to Pearl A. Keown, White Run.

Willard Baughn, Narrows R. 2, to Kathleen Keith, Hartford, R. 6.

Claud Weedman, Caneyville, to Lorine Davis, Renfrow.

John Ward, McHenry, to Bulah Walker, Huntsville, Ky.

John Willis, Hartford, to Lorine York, Hartford.

Lewellen Francis, Simmons, to Rosa Bell Young, Simmons.

Anderson Bratcher, Horse Branch, to Vergie Young, Horse Branch.

Sirgurl Gillstrap, Select to Ruthie Baize, Select.

Harrison Goodman, Hartford to Pearlie Hamilton, Hartford.

Clyde Keown, Hartford R. 6, to Eva Nevitt, Hartford, R. 6.

John Phelps, Morgantown, to Alvia Phelps, Cromwell.

Hebert Huff, Reynolds Station, to Amby Craig, Fordsville.

Clayborne Pirtle, Beaver Dam, to Effie Taylor, Beaver Dam.

Virgil H. Jordan, Leavenworth, Ind., to Ella Young, Horse Branch.

Saturday, June 12, 2021

Horses

            The history of horses in Kentucky is interesting.  Horses were used as work animals and provided transportation for individuals (horseback) or small groups (wagons, sulkies, stage coaches, etc.).  Horses were also used in the sport of horse racing.  I found the following article about horse ownership in Kentucky in 1800.  Although it is not specific to Ohio County, it helps us understand how important & prevalent horses were in the early days.  We do know that "harness racing" (or sulky racing) was an important event in Ohio County at the annual county fair in the late 1800's and early 1900's.  The following article is from The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Vol. 79, No. 3 (Summer 1981), pp. 203-210 (8 pages).





Saturday, June 5, 2021

KENTUCKY COUNTY

 Fincastle County, Virginia 

          We know that Ohio County was formed from Hardin County in 1798. But where did Hardin County come from?  If your ancestors might have arrived in Ohio County pre-1798 (or another Kentucky County pre-1798 and moved to Ohio County later) the information in this post might be useful to you.  If your ancestors came to Kentucky (Ohio County or otherwise) after 1798, then the following will not help you, although you might find it interesting.  If you fall into the former category, then some of your early family records might be found in a courthouse in Virginia 

            Fincastle County, Virginia was formed from Botetourt County in 1772; it was the westernmost county in Virginia and included all of what is now Kentucky and parts of Virginia and West Virginia that were west of the Kanawaha and New rivers. In December 1773, Governor Dunmore announced that those who had military warrants awarded for service in the French and Indian War would be allowed to claim land in this area.   Fincastle County lost its identity after less than four years of existence and fewer than three dozen court sessions, and in 1776, by an Act of the General Assembly, the counties of Montgomery, Washington, and Kentucky were formed from its original territory. In all, an entire state [Kentucky] and two dozen Virginia/West Virginia counties count Fincastle as their parent county.  Kentucky County would eventually become an entire state (1777-1780). Kentucky was first divided into Fayette, Lincoln and Jefferson Counties (1780), and Nelson was carved out of Jefferson County (1785); Hardin County was carved out of Nelson County (1792); and Ohio County, of course, was carved out of Hardin County in 1798.

          The original land entries for Fincastle County, Virginia, are presently found in the Montgomery County, Virginia, Courthouse. The first entry is dated 15 December 1773 and the entries continue through 17 August 1776. At first all the entries were by virtue of the military warrants issued by Lord Dunmore for service in the French and Indian War. After December 1775 entries were allowed on preemptions. These generally consisted of several 400-acre tracts per man and were entered with a disclaimer that the claimant had "produced memorandums of [a certain number of] entries of land on Western Waters and demanded that they might be entered in my book which hath been complied with, provided the same be legal, but should it appear otherwise, there is no advantage to be taken of the surveyor." In other words, these preemption claims were allowed to be entered on the county entry book in spite of the suspicion by the county surveyor that such entries were illegal. John Floyd, James Douglas, and Isaac Hite, the deputy surveyors who worked in Kentucky, also had preemption claims but never entered them in Fincastle County.

          In the original records, the entries are listed chronologically. The date is followed by the name of the person, the amount of land, the location, and usually his authority to make an entry. A typical entry reads:

          January 1, 1774: Walter Cunningham, Dunmore's warrant, 1000 acres at the confluence of Harwoods [Harrods Creek] with the Ohio on the southeast side of the Ohio and said creek.

          A careful comparison of these entries with the Fincastle County surveys reveals that some of them were made after the surveys had been completed, which is somewhat unconventional. However, the trip to Kentucky was long and sometimes dangerous, so if the holder of a warrant instructed the surveyors to "do the best you can for me," then it would not make much sense to enter the land until after the surveyor had returned. It would even appear that after the Revolutionary War began, many of the men with military warrants became somewhat careless about making entries at all and relied upon their survey to uphold their claims. For example, John Floyd purchased the military warrant of John Draper, which he had surveyed on the Elkhorn and withdrew the entry even though it had never been entered.

          These entries have been published by Mary B. and F. B. Kegle in Early Adventures on the Western Waters (2 vols.; Orange, Virginia: Green Publishers, 1980), II, 3-21. Their list was copied directly from the entry book and is therefore in chronological order. There is no special index for these entries, which were located in all parts of Fincastle County.

          Of the 300,940 acres that were entered, 286,090 (ninety-eight percent) were in the present bounds of Kentucky and the remainder in either present-day Virginia or West Virginia. These entries also show that many people who made entries were not veterans of the French and Indian War but their heirs or assignees. There were also a number of entries that were withdrawn after they had been made and entered at other locations. Sometimes the entries show the rank of the person making an entry on a military warrant.  These entries can be seen on this web pages:









More information on Fincastle County and Kentucky County:  

Wednesday, June 2, 2021

Fordsville - 1915

 From 106 years ago, these maps show streets, homes and commercial buildings in Fordsville from 1915.





Saturday, May 29, 2021

Wolf Sculps

 WOLF SCULPS 

          In the early days there were bounties paid for killing wolves as the wolf was feared and a dreaded menace to early settlers.  The term “Wolf Sculps” (in my opinion) means wolf scalps. Wolves were such a problem the County Court paid as much as $1.50, or more, per scalp.  The Kentucky General Assembly in 1795 passed an act offering a bounty of three shillings for the head of each wolf under six months old and eight shillings for the head of each wolf over six months old.  The Wolf Bounty Law immediately became very popular and the early settlers devoted much of their time to hunting wolves for the sake of the bounties. On December 21, 1837, an act was passed raising the bounty to six dollars per scalp. An act of March, 1847 lowered the bounty to three dollars per scalp, and placed a bounty of fifty cents per head on wildcats.  By the late 1800s the wolf population has been reduced so much that it was no longer a problem. 

          The following document is found in the library of historical manuscripts at Western Kentucky University. 

I Do hearby Certify that John Fergusson of Ohio County Person appeared Before Me this Six Day of November 1804. and Made Oath that he was Entrusted with Two Certificates the one for John Galloway for two grown wolf Sculps Dated this present Year and Granted by David Glen the Other Certificate for Zachariah Galloway for two grown wolf Sculps Dated 1803 and Granted by David Glen and that as he the Said Fergusson lost the Said Certificate/ on his way to Hartford Given under My hand this Date above. 

Thomas Mosely      

          The following short article discusses this subject regarding Mulenberg County.  “The early pioneer dealt with many wild animals that no longer live in Kentucky. Wolves were animals that were a particular danger to pioneer families. The desire to exterminate wolves resulted in a war on wolves that lasted as long as there were any to be killed. Any one producing the head of a wolf before a justice of the peace, stating under oath when and where he killed the animal, was granted a certificate to that effect. These certificates, upon presentation to the sheriff, were paid for at the rate of two dollar and a half for wolves over six months of age and one dollar for those under that age. [From Otto A Rothert, A History of Muhlenberg County, pp. 115-116, John P. Morton & Company, 1913.] These "wolf sculp" can frequently be found in bundled loose papers in courthouses. This one was reported by Otto Rothert in A History of Muhlenberg County, p. 116.” 

"March 4th, 1800. This day came Jacob Wiley before me, one of the Justices of the Peace of Muhlenberg County and brought a wolfs head, which appears over the age two years and took the oath prescribed by law. Given under my hand.

Isaac Davis" 

Source: Longhunter, Volume 24, Issue 3, Summer 2001 and Issue 1, Winter 2001. A publication of the Southern Kentucky Genealogical Society